Skip to main content
Tel: (678) 701-8254

Cactus indicus, ca 18th century

Purchase This Item For Download
world rights, single editions, non exclusive use

Please Select A License Option

For one off display, up to A1 in size, for a period up to 3 years

up to 5 years

For use in exhibition deisplay for up to 6 months £400 - £750

For personal use only, not to be used commercially

up to half size

Any singleprint usage, billboard, ad, insert, display

no larger than three quarters of the page

no larger than one eighth of a page

Not more than three quarters of the page in size

No larger than one eighth of the page

For printing as part of a display, one use only, not for promotional use

^ Please refine your license choice

Other options available, please contact us for more details

Watercolour on paper, ca late 18th century. Hand painted copy of an illustration commissioned by William Roxburgh.
Roxburgh noted in his Flora Indica that this cactus was common around Calcutta, and concluded there is every reason to imagine it is a native of these countries. These plants were probably introduced to India from the West Indies as early as the late 15th Century, initially for their fruit, and later for the dye made from cochineal insects (Dactylopius coccus) which infect these plants. The drawing includes studies of these insects, the winged male can be seen far right, the female with her protective white covering in several stages on the left. It is likely that there are actually three plant species represented on this drawing. Fig.1 is possibly Opuntia stricta/dillenii, Fig.2 Nopalea cochenillifera, and Fig.3 Opuntia tuna

Copyright © The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Media ID 654458

Date: 3rd December 2007

Credit: © The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Filename: ROX00001028.jpg

Image Size: 3496 x 4088 Pixels

Filesize is 8.30MB

Version 2 is 3.91MB

Associated Categories: William Roxburgh

Associated Categories: Cacti and Succulents

Keywords: 18th century, botanical art, cactaceae, cacti, dye plants, east india company, economic botany, india, insect, useful plants, west indies, william roxburgh collection, yellow