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Iridaceae Gallery

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Choose from 37 images in our Iridaceae Collection



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Iridaceae is a family of flowering plants that includes over 2,500 species in over 100 genera. The family is distributed worldwide, with the majority of species found in the tropics. The family is best known for its spectacularly colored flowers, which are often used in gardens and as cut flowers.
Iridaceae is a monocotyledonous family, meaning that the flowers have a single cotyledon. The flowers are usually bisexual, with three sepals and three petals. The sepals and petals are often brightly colored and may be patterned. The flowers are typically pollinated by insects, although some species are self-pollinating.
The family is divided into two subfamilies, Iridoideae and Ixioideae. The Iridoideae subfamily includes the genera Iris, Crocus, and Freesia, which are popular garden plants. The Ixioideae subfamily includes the genera Gladiolus, Watsonia, and Sparaxis, which are also popular garden plants.
The family is important economically, as many species are used in horticulture and floriculture. The flowers of some species are also used for medicinal purposes. The rhizomes of some species are used as a food source, and the leaves of some species are used for weaving.
Iridaceae is an important family in terms of conservation, as many species are threatened by habitat destruction and over-collection. Conservation efforts are underway to protect threatened species, and many species are now protected by international law.
In conclusion, Iridaceae is a large and diverse family of flowering plants that includes many species of economic and conservation importance. The family is best known for its brightly colored flowers, which are often used in gardens and as cut flowers. Conservation efforts are underway to protect threatened species, and many species are now protected by international law.